Boğaziçi Lectures Feyyaz Berker Series powered by Tekfen, will host Branko Milanović

03/12/2020 18:00

Boğaziçi Lectures will host Branko Milanović, visiting Presidential Professor at the Graduate Center City University of New York and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics, on December, 3rd, 2020. Milanović will give a talk about ''Recent Changes in Worldwide Income Distribution and Their Political Effects''. Boğaziçi University Sociology Faculty Member Prof. Biray Kolluoğlu will moderate the lecture.


The last quarter century of globalization has witnessed the largest reshuffle of global incomes since the Industrial revolution. The main factor behind the "reshuffle" was the rise of China, and to a slightly lesser extent, of all Asia. This drove the global Gini index down, by about 2 points over the twenty-year period, 1988-2013 for which we have a new unbalanced panel database of country/deciles from almost 100 countries. By tracking the evolution of individual country-deciles and deriving the global Growth Incidence Curve we are able to show the underlying elements that drove the change. Three changes stand out.First, China has graduated from the bottom ranks, modifying the overall shape of the global income distribution in the process and creating an important global "middle" class that has transformed a twin-peaked 1988 global distribution into a single-peaked one now. The "winners" were country-deciles that in 1988 were around the median of the global income distribution, 90% of whom in terms of population are from Asia.Second, the "losers" were the country-deciles that in 1988 were around the 85th percentile (that is, relatively high) of the global income distribution. Almost 90% of them are from OECD economies.Third, another "winner "was the global top 1% whose incomes, even if underestimated by household surveys, rose substantially.These three changes open up the following three political issues: how to manage the rising expectations of meaningful political participations in emerging countries like China, how to "placate" the rich countries' globalization losers so that they do not turn away from globalization and support populist anti-immigrant policies, and how to constraint the rising economic and political power of the global top 1%.The increasing gap between the Western "top 1 percenters" and the middle classes that is at the origin of many of recent political development, may not be a temporary glimpse, but may be driven by endogenous forces of rising inequality in systems of liberal capitalism embedded in globalization.

Branko Milanović is a Visiting Presidential Professor at the Graduate Center City University of New York and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics. Milanović's main area of work is income inequality, in individual countries and globally, including in pre-industrial societies. He has published articles on these topics in The Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics and Journal of Economic Literature among others. His book Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization (2016), addresses economic and political issues of globalization. It was translated in sixteen languages and awarded the 2017 Bruno Kreisky Prize and 2018 Hans Matthöfer Prize. Branko was awarded (jointly with Mariana Mazzucato) the 2018 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Knowledge. His most recent book is Capitalism, Alone.

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The talks will be in English and will be translated into Turkish simultaneously. The participants who will use translation should choose a language other than English via "Interpretation" option in the Zoom platform.